Significant Milestones in Oil Production Technology
There has been evolution in oil production technology today compared to how it was in the past as you will learn more here. Considering the value of oil to our lives, it is suitable to review the changes that have followed its discovery. In the past, in Ancient Mesopotamia bitumen a hardened substance was used in ship construction and holding jewelry together. The Kings of Egypt used bitumen for the construction of the famous pyramids. Bitumen, asphalt and mortar although did not require drilling, were the substances that led to the discovery of oil.
The first method used to extract oil was by digging up the soil to reach the oil. At the time, oil was used as medicine and the Chinese also lit their lamps as well as warm their houses using this product. There was not much knowledge of oil and the people came up with myths about the earth releasing gases and liquids.
The next discovery to be made as you will find here, was the spring pole. The spring pole equipment as you will discover here was tied to a tree which made it possible to reach more depth and was increasingly used by the Ruffner brothers to make salt extraction easier. The importance of oil was still not known to people at this time even though they knew it was a multipurpose commodity. With the introduction of steam to power ,the spring pole salt extraction proceeded at higher rates. A chemist at Yale by the name Benjamin Silliman discovered more about distillation of oil into Kerosene that could be used in lamps to provide lighting and even cook. Following this information, people saw the importance of oil and processes to extract it began.
From this website, you will read more about how the need for oil increased significantly. The number of oil deposits discovered in the earth increased. During the drilling process there were sediments that obstructed extraction of oil and the need for better machinery came up. Consequently, a method called rotary drilling emerged whose head could move past the hard sediment with great ease. The success of the rig was witnessed in Beaumont Texas where the drill hit a field and a lot of oil started flowing towards the surface. With the world war 1 coming around, the demand for oil rose, leading to increased competition which resulted in greater development of oil tools. The most important aspect of the rotary drilling method was to extract oil found very deep into the earth.
At the moment as we learn more here, rotary rigs are still in use for extracting oil. However, they are advanced technologically as they are fitted with digital tracking devices, touchpads and video control to monitor and access the rigs from a fur. Besides that, the rigs are more sophisticated. An instance, is the ability of a rig to move on its own as well to extract oil from a number of fields.